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Elucidate Kazi Nazrul Islam is a great poet of interfaith harmony.

Elucidate Kazi Nazrul Islam is a great poet of interfaith harmony.

Kazi Nazrul Islam is one of the major poets of South Asian and African Literature subject for Master’s Final Year, English Department of the National University, Bangladesh. We have prepared all the important broad QA (Part C- 10 Marks) for your upcoming final exam. In the following content, we have elucidated Kazi Nazrul Islam is a great poet of interfaith harmony.

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Ans: Kazi Nazrul Islam was a humanist poet. During British India, he came to a society torn apart by class separation, religious separatism, and communal violence. He was a key figure in promoting communal unity in Bengal, spreading his ideas and beliefs across the subcontinent. Therefore, he has been called a poet of interfaith harmony since he has never belittled any religion.

 

Nazrul is a poet of humanity. He wants to remove pettiness and communalism in ‘Of Equality and That Happy Land’. According to him, a person may be a Persian, Jain, Jew, Santal, Bhil, or Garo. They may have different religious books such as the Quran, the Vedas, the Bible, the Tripitaka, the Zend-Avesta, and Grantha Saheb. By reading these scriptures, man cannot discover the mystery of the Creator or God. God lives in the heart of man.

However, if a man holds communalism in his heart, his heart is not sacred. In fact, his heart is not a suitable place for blossoming fresh flowers. Therefore, the poet suggests that man should not be communal, and he utters:

“Of equality and that Happy Land,
Where all artificial differences are resolved,

Where Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims and Christians
Are brought together in loving unity

I sing.”

 

“Man is above everything, nothing is above man.”

Like the above unforgettable quote of the medieval poet Chandidas, Nazrul sings the song of humanity in the poem ‘Man’. Nazrul values man above religion. Nazrul is non-communal and humanistic. He says there are no caste or creed differences, age, or countries. They are all friends. To value man above any religion, he says that no prophet was for a particular community. All prophets came for humanity and everyone.

Nazrul also asserts that man has brought the Book (scriptures) and that the Book has not brought man. Here he means that religion is for the well-being of human beings; humans are not created for religion. Thus, Nazrul values man above everything. To him, nothing is more significant than a human being, and nothing is nobler than a human being. Hence, he utters:

“I sing the song of equality
There is nothing greater than man more majestic than man.
There is no difference of country and person;
No partition in religion and caste;”

 

‘Beware My Captain’ is a patriotic song written in the aftermath (result) of India’s Hindu-Muslim clashes. Here we see the song of humanity. There were severe community disturbances by the mid-1920s. These uprisings (clashes) badly damaged the national liberation struggle. Under British colonial authority always deprived the Indians of their rights. They are now rebelling due to long-standing frustrations. Colonial domination keeps the nation defenseless. The people of the country are unable to enjoy their rights. It indicates that the country is on the verge (at the end) of collapse and cannot defend itself.

 

The current scenario is compared to the blackness of night, and the Hindu-Muslim riots are referred to as a great storm by Nazrul. In the present situation, the nation is drowning. Those who are drowning are not drowning as Hindus or Muslims; they are drowning as human beings, as the sons of India.

Therefore, the poet asks the political leaders to try to stop communal violence so that the Indians can stand against British colonial rule and free the country from slavery. Here lies his earnest plea to the people who are able to stand before the calamity:

“You must make haste or it would be too late
To ferry the boat across the other side.”

To conclude, Nazrul is a true symbol of harmony/ humanity/ a non-communal poet. [Nazrul sings the song of humanity as Chandidas sang it.] During his lifetime, he dreamt that one day Hindus and Muslims would hug each other in the warmest embrace as though they were each other’s kin. That is why he proclaims,

“Let a Hindu remain Hindu, a Muslim remains Muslim. Let them all come together under the infinite sky and pronounce the new words of creation – that I am a human being, my religion is the religion of humanity.”

 

Well, that is the end of our content; Kazi Nazrul Islam is a great poet of interfaith harmony. If you love to enjoy more QA from South Asian and African Literature, must see the following content as well.

 

Discuss the social and political background of the poem Beware My Captain (Kandari Hushiar).
In the poem Man (Manush), “Man is above everything else”. Discuss the significance of this statement.

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